Previous Day's Market Highlights
QE Forever Has Arrived
To infinity and beyond!
No, that's not me quoting Buzz Lightyear; that was the message from the Federal Reserve on Monday who, just over a week after announcing a 100bps rate cut and relaunching quantitative easing, expanded their bond buying programme.
The FOMC voted unanimously to purchase an unlimited amount of Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities (MBS) for an unlimited period of time to 'ensure smooth market functioning and transmission of monetary policy'.
The Fed's balance sheet already stands at a record high $4.6tln, and this will only increase -- almost certainly quickly -- as a result of yesterday's announcement.
Said asset purchases will initially begin with the purchase of $75bln in Treasuries and $50bln in MBS each day this week. For context, that is roughly the amount of securities the Fed were buying on a monthly basis during the financial crisis, showing just how significant and unprecedented the size and scope of this package is.
That wasn't all the Fed announced yesterday, however, as the 'kitchen sink' approach to policymaking continued with a host of other measures:
- The establishment of two new lending facilities for large employers; one covering debt issuance, the other for outstanding debt
- The re-establishment of the Term Asset-backed Lending Facility (TALF) to promote credit to both businesses and consumers
- An announcement that, soon, the Fed would unveil a 'Main Street Business Lending Programme' to support lending to SMEs across the US
While the Fed now appear to be talking to us in acronyms when it comes to their stimulus programmes (MMLF, TALF, QE, CPFF etc.) one thing is for sure; policymakers -- at least on the monetary side -- are desperate to ensure that the public health crisis that is the coronavirus doesn't precipitate into a severe financial crisis.
Briefly, it appeared that the measures may work.
The increased liquidity that the policy package will provide resulted in some of the upward pressure on the dollar relenting a tad, and saw the greenback close in the red against a basket of peers.
Yields also fell in the aftermath of the Fed's decision, with the 10-year Treasury yield falling as much as 18bps to 0.7%.
It is, however, far too early to tell whether the monetary policy package will be effective, though it should definitely be reassuring for market participants that the Fed are acting in a swift, sweeping, significant manner to try and insulate the economy from as much of a coronavirus-related shock as possible.
Speaking of the coronavirus, investors continued to closely monitor the spread of the pandemic on Monday, with confirmed cases globally now numbering greater than 350,000.
However, in a glimmer of good news, there have now been almost 100,000 people confirmed to have recovered from the virus; while the number of confirmed cases is now likely to increase at a faster rate due to greater testing, not necessarily due to increased virality of COVID-19.
Government responses to the pandemic also continue to flood in:
- The UK effectively went into lockdown, with PM Boris Johnson announcing that Britons would only be able to leave their homes for; one form of exercise per day; essential shopping for necessities; essential work; and medical needs
- The German government signed off on a €750bln package to combat the economic fallout from the virus
- Eurozone governments appeared to coalesce around the idea of bloc-wide 'coronabonds' to fund the stimulus packages
Turning to markets, the ongoing spread of the coronavirus and continuing concerns over the economic impact of various, stringent, lockdown measures around the world continued to roil risk appetite as a fresh week got underway.
In Europe, all major bourses ended the day in the red, with oil and gas stocks the only sector to end the day in positive territory.
Across the pond, after their worst week since 2008, US equities continued to lose ground as a fresh trading week got underway. The benchmark S&P 500 was almost 3% lower at the close, as investors ignored the Fed's stimulus package and instead focused on the Senate's inability to pass a coronavirus stimulus Bill.
Most sectors ended the day in negative territory, with just a few specks of green on the heatmap.
Meanwhile, in the bond market, Treasury yields tumbled after the Fed's open-ended QE announcement. As yields fell across the curve, with 10-year yields tumbling 18bps, the yield curve bull flattened - seeing the 2s10s spread continuing to narrow.
Finally, both gold and oil prices bounced yesterday in reaction to the Fed's stimulus package.
Despite ongoing concerns over both oversupply and evaporating demand, WTI crude settled almost 3% higher, as investors were somewhat reassured by the monetary policy measures. Global benchmark Brent was 0.6% higher at the close.
Lastly, spot gold ended the day around 4% higher, recovering from the 3-month lows seen last Friday.
|Currency Pairing||08:00 Today||Vs 08:00 Yesterday||Four-Week High||Four-Week Low||% Change|
Today's Market Highlights
- It’s all about PMI surveys today, with ‘flash’ March data due from both the eurozone and UK set to provide investors with their first indication of the economic hit from the coronavirus. In the eurozone, all three PMI gauges (manufacturing, services & composite) are set to tumble to their lowest levels since 2009, well into contractionary territory.
- PMI figures are also due from the UK, where both the manufacturing and services gauges are expected to decline towards the 45.0 handle, erasing the post-election ‘Boris bounce’ seen in the previous two months as the coronavirus begins to bite.
- Elsewhere, the coronavirus pandemic will remain at the forefront of investors’ minds, particularly any ongoing policy responses to the virus. G7 central bankers and finance ministers will be holding (another) conference call today, with the potential for additional co-ordinated policy action remaining elevated.
Today's Economic Calendar
|9.00am||EUR||Flash Manufacturing PMI (Mar)||39.0||49.2|
|9.00am||EUR||Flash Services PMI (Mar)||38.4||52.6|
|9.30am||GBP||Flash Manufacturing PMI (Mar)||45.0||51.7|
|9.30am||GBP||Flash Services PMI (Mar)||45.0||53.2|